Front End vs. Back End Development. What’s the Difference?

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You may have heard these terms thrown around before, or you’ve seen them in passing while reading the latest tech article. Maybe you haven’t had the time to find out what these terms mean and now you’re wondering what they are all about. That’s where we come in. Here, we’ll help sort out the confusion and walk you through the difference between “front end” and “back end” development.


Front End Development In a Nutshell.

According to Course Report, the definition of front end development is managing everything that users visually see in their browser application (like Safari or Chrome). Front end developers are responsible for what the end user sees on their screen. Try and think of it like the person that makes the website or application aesthetically pleasing.


You might hear front end development referred to as the “client side” of development. This simply meaning what the client, or end user actually uses. If the front end of the website isn’t user-friendly, the user may leave the website all together. This is why front end development is crucial to the overall design of the web experience. You want to make sure every user has a great user experience.


Front End Development: Languages Used.

If you’re a front end developer, these are three of the languages you are likely to use: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. There are several more front end programming languages, however these are the most popular in the industry. As we all know, technology is constantly changing so these could vary in the future.


Other things you’ll need to be familiar with as a client side developer are things like font types, types of responsive design (like parallax), layouts, grid systems, and color theories. To be a successful front end developer, you don’t necessarily need back end development skills.


Back End Development In a Nutshell.

Back end development is often described as the “server” side of development. A back end developer will be in charge of anything that has to do with the communication between the database and the browser, and making sure everything is is done with precision. Basically, this is how the site works and becomes functional. Being able to make updates and create new information for how the page works will be the back end developer’s job.


There are three parts to back end development, generally speaking: the server, the application, and the database. A back end developer will be responsible for these three main areas of focus, making sure all parts communicate and function as expected.


Back End Development: Languages Used.

A lot of back end development consists of popular languages like Java, PHP, Ruby on Rails, and Python to accomplish the tasks on the server side. Developers focusing on the back end are trying to perfect the site’s functionality, responsiveness, and speed. These are important factors that not only affect the site as a whole, but also has an impact on the overall user experience.


Have more questions about front end and back end development, or ready to dive in and learn a full stack? Discover how CWRU Coding Boot Camp can teach you the skills for both front end and back end development in just 24 weeks by contacting us here.

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